To remember 'god' throughout the day and night, meditating on the mantra 'Va-hi-gu-ru'.
To earn a livelihood by means of earnest and honest endeavours.
To serve others, sharing income and resources.
The Punjabi definition of 'Sikh-na' means to learn. Thus, the term 'Sikh' came to be. The succession of the 10th Guru saw a change in the practice of Charan-Pauhl initiation, and In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa Panth. All Khalsa must adhere to the Rehit Maryada (Code of conduct) which stipulates how one should speak, eat, sleep, dress, live etc..
Since the inception of the Khalsa Panth, they are the rightful custodians of the Sikh community. During the 1700s the Khalsa lived nomadic lives escaping persecution while many settled Sikhs maintained low profiles in villages. Today there are over 27 million Sikhs identifying worldwide, with the Khalsa living as a minority. Colonial interference from the British in Sikh politics saw to the ousting of the rightful Jathedar (Leader) Akali Baba Sahib Singh Kaladhari from the Akal Takht and was replaced with the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) who maintain power to this day.
To join the Khalsa one must always keep Punj Kakkar (five articles) on their person at all times. Each Kakkar maintains spiritual and practical benefits, they are;
Kacch - Knee length under garments
Karra - Iron bangle worn on the wrist
Kirpan - Iron dagger kept in a sheath
Kanga - Sandalwood comb tucked into a topknot
Kesh - Unshorn hair accompanied by a Dastar (Turban)
There are four major violations known as the ‘Char Bujjar Kurehits’ that a Khalsa abstains from, these are;
Halaal (meat slaughtered in non-Sikh tradition)
Haram (being unfaithful)
Hajamat (cutting of hair)
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